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More extended plant articles in 'Garden Articles'

More extended plant articles in 'Garden Articles'

Paw Paw tree
Photos by David Hutton

Mountain Paw Paw

Common name: Paw Paw
Botanical name: Carica pubescens

Quick growing round headed small tree to 2-3 metres. Large distinguished leaves up to 60cm across and deeply lobed. The Mountain Paw Paw is relatively hardy and will withstand light frost. In marginal climates it may defoliate in winter and regrow as long as frosts are not hard enought to damage the stems.

Flowers are formed on the main stem from spring through autumn. Fruit develops over several months and will ripen when it gets about 10-12 cm in length. As the fruit ripens it can fill the garden with a fruity aroma in sheltered places.

Landscape Ideas
Highly ornamental as a sub-tropical planting around the courtyard where the aroma from the fruit can be appreciated.

Ripe fruit
Use
Fresh or cooked. May be used as a meat tenderiser.

Cultural
Plant in spring in well-drained soil. Protected from wind and frost while young. Mulch well as roots are shallow.

Fruit is formed on new growth. Allow one side shoot, low down, to grow each year as a new main shoot and cut last seasons one off as soon as it has fruited to prevent the plant getting too tall. Feed with high phosphorus NPK fertiliser in spring and summer.

Harvest
Harvest when fruit turns yellow.

Pollination
Male and female flowers may be produced on the same plant or separate plants. A plant may vary from male to female during the year. Therefore, to ensure pollination more than one plant is needed.

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